Ideologies

Term: Capitalism Definition:
Term: Fascism/Fascist Definition: Fascism (/ˈfæʃɪzəm/) is a form of radical, right-wing, authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition, and strong regimentation of society and of the economy, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe. The first fascist movements emerged in Italy during World War I before it spread to other European countries. Opposed to liberalism, Marxism, and anarchism, fascism is placed on the far-right within the traditional left–right spectrum.<br /><br /><a class="user_link" href="Fascism - Wikipedia" rel="noopener external" target="_blank" title="Fascism - Wikipedia (this link will open in a new window)">Fascism - Wikipedia</a><br /><br />1 : a political philosophy, movement, or regime (such as that of the Fascisti) that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition<br />2 : a tendency toward or actual exercise of strong autocratic or dictatorial control<br /><br /><a class="user_link" href="Fascism | Definition of Fascism by Merriam-Webster" rel="noopener external" target="_blank" title="Fascism | Definition of Fascism by Merriam-Webster (this link will open in a new window)">Fascism | Definition of Fascism by Merriam-Webster</a><br />
Term: Socialism Definition: Please see Case Study: Socialism
Term: Totalitarianism Definition: Totalitarianism is a political concept of a mode of government that prohibits opposition parties, restricts individual opposition to the state and its claims, and exercises an extremely high degree of control over public and private life. It is regarded as the most extreme and complete form of authoritarianism. Political power in totalitarian states has often been held by rule by one leader which employ all-encompassing propaganda campaigns broadcast by state-controlled mass media. Totalitarian regimes are often marked by political repression, personality cultism, control over the economy, restriction of speech, mass surveillance and widespread use of state terrorism. Historian Robert Conquest describes a "totalitarian" state as one recognizing no limits to its authority in any sphere of public or private life and which extends that authority to whatever length feasible.<br /> Source Reference: Totalitarianism - Wikipedia

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